The John Hyde Archives

Historic archive of articles and newspaper columns written by former Australian politician John Hyde.

Industrial Relations

Simple explanation for the unemployment crisis

Industrial Relations 

  • It is vital that those who demand and grant wage increases feel the consequences.
  • The failure of the labour market is better understood by the rank and file unionist and his or her family.
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The NFF and the Balderstone Report

Protectionism  Industrial Relations  Regulations  Trade 

  • The report states that Australia's comparatively efficient agriculture is burdened with unnecessary regulation.
  • It is in Australia's interest that the agricultural industry propers while remaining efficient.
  • Australian agriculture suffers a considerable burden placed upon it by protected industries and trade unions and is under the mercy of international prices.
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When is a Wage Freeze not a Freeze?

Industrial Relations  Economics 

  • Wages must increase less than prices.
  • High wages decrease demand
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Wage-fixing priesthood keeps its god alive

Industrial Relations  Economics 

  • Centralised wage-fixing is the creation of jobs for some who would otherwise be unemployed.
  • A minimum wage is often set so high that it comes the permanent wage of those in the group with employers unwilling to offer more to capable individuals.
  • Marginal employees such as the young, old, and unskilled are permanently shut out.
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Choosing the right index

Economics  Industrial Relations 

  • For indexing wages, the right index must be chosen. Lest we get more unemployment.
  • If the CPI is used to index wages, then we should exclude the effects in terms of trade, taxes and devaluation from it.
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The TPC & the IATA Agreement

Monopoly  Industrial Relations 

  • The problem with the trade practices commission is that the most serious monopolies are out of its reach.
  • The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is a price maintenance agreement that allows for cabin crew to share in the monopoly margins through their union.
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Greiner's Small Business Policy

Regulation  Industrial Relations 

  • The policy allows for an individual to negotiate employment conditions above the minimum requirements.
  • Allows for the NSW industry to gain a competitive edge over other states and foreign imports.
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Labour's style

Politics  Industrial Relations  Economics  Business 

  • Bob Hawke ceded authority to those whom should not have authority.
  • He expected big business to follow the government's lead on when and where to invest.
  • His government is a corporatist consensus of government, big capital and big union.
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The Opposition Industrial Relations Policy

Industrial Relations  Business 

  • Few unionists understand that they are the prime cause of unemployment.
  • An opportunity should be given to both employees/employers to be able to opt out of an award.
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Building Industry Superannuation

Superannuation  Industrial Relations 

  • Inelastic demand in the construction industry; ability to pass on increased costs to others.
  • Union Superannuation is a tax on union members as they get a percentage of their members contributions.
  • The revenue will give them the ability to further industrial or political action and further their careers.
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Youth Employment

Industrial Relations  Business 

  • Employers will choose employees that can provide the most for each dollar spent on them.
  • Sen Chaney was concerned about income inequality and alienation.
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Japan's Ministry (MITI)

Economics  Business  Industrial Relations 

  • Japanese Government assisted in economic growth by restraining itself from interfering with the economy.
  • Japan's industrial policies are the best because the government interference is the least.
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MTIA, Wages & Protection

Industrial Relations 

  • MTIA has been significantly responsible for the 1981 wage hike which has caused the high wages that they are complaining about.
  • No monopoly is prefect. If the price of any commodity is raised, some other similar product will take its place.
  • Due to comparative wage flow-on, other industries are also facing pressures to increase employment costs when they would otherwise not have to.
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The OECD & Youth Employment

Industrial Relations 

  • The Australian Bureau of Labour Market Research (BLMR) states that youth employment was adversely affected by increase in relative youth wages in the 1970s.
  • There is a substantial barrier to downward flexibility.
  • Any further employment gains by youths are the expense of adult employees.
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John Nurick

Industrial Relations 

  • Incomes can only be raised if the demand for workers is increased.
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Restructuring the High Cost Industries

Industrial Relations  Economics 

  • Restructuring means releasing resources from high cost activities to invest in low cost activities.
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On the right to strike

Industrial Relations  Monopoly  Law 

  • There is a misuse of legal power to create monopolies.
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Sir Joh's Industrial Laws

Industrial Relations  Individual Rights 

  • There should be a recognised freedom of employment in society.
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The Crunch

Industrial Relations  Economics  Politics 

  • If Bob Hawke feels that he is too weak to defy vested interests, he will sow the seeds of economic decline for everybody.
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Junior Employees - Special Orders

Individual Rights  Industrial Relations 

  • Minimum wage prevents potential employees from negotiating with employers.
  • The right to determine one's own labour is a basic human right.
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The Accord, Labour Market Regulation

Regulation  Industrial Relations  Individual Rights 

  • Only soft approaches that are based in individual liberty will work for labour deregulation.
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The Wages Debate

Industrial Relations  Law 

  • Most people resent the abuse of union power and fear that the unions will bring the country to its knees before giving up power.
  • Legally binding awards and trade union monopoly powers which constraint people which they did not agree to are morally reprehensible.
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The Real IR Debate

Protectionism  Industrial Relations  Business  Individual Rights 

  • Being able to opt out of a wage award allows the parties to come to an agreement rather than having something forced upon them.
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Recovery Alone Was Not Enough

Industrial Relations  Business  Individual Rights 

  • To reduced unemployment, we need to free labour and capital from government and the unions.
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The Future of Agriculture

Protectionism  Industrial Relations 

  • The two demands by the National Farmers Federation that industry protection by reduced and that real wages reflect the nation's economic circumstances are reasonable.
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The Opposition's I.R. Policy

Protectionism  Industrial Relations  Individual Rights 

  • The Liberal policy will give all employees the right not to join a union.
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The Accord

Industrial Relations 

  • The accord between the Labour Party and the Trade Unions are about to be tested. A productivity award will cause unemployment to be higher than it should be.
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Cheer Up Things Are Getting Worse

Industrial Relations  Regulation 

  • Deregulation will force unionist to bear the consequences of their own actions.
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Industrial Relations in The Pilbara

Industrial Relations  Trade 

  • Foreign buyers only care about the price of iron ore. It is hard to understand why employee insist on practices that reduce productivity.
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What's at stake at Robe River

Industrial Relations  Business 

  • The main issue is whether Robe will be allowed to increase productivity and to invest in further developing costlier ore bodies or will the unions force it out of business.
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What Is the New Right?

Politics  Industrial Relations  Individual Rights  Taxation  Fiscal Policy 

  • Our wishes are to reduce union power, unfair business privileges, balance the government budget, reduced public expenditure and taxes, stopping the middle class from being ripped off, restore competiveness and protection of the family.
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Of Taxes and Superannuation

Taxation  Superannuation  Industrial Relations 

  • Democracies can slash marginal tax rates if they want to;
  • Some people are unwilling or unable to provide for themselves.
  • It is the demands of the middle class that make tax reductions difficult.
  • Union organised superannuation can be a competitive and safe alternative to high welfare payments and taxes.
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Will Unemployment Ever Come Down

Industrial Relations  Welfare 

  • Reducing taxes on the lowest paid where anyone who was on unemployment benefits will be better off working is the most politically and morally right.
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Of Unions, Rights and Property

Industrial Relations  Taxation  Property Rights 

  • The poorest person has no property but their labour.
  • The government's first responsibility is the security of its citizens. Does taxation extend to the right of labour of its citizens?
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Two Ways of Coping with Unions

Industrial Relations  Law 

  • Reducing the power of unions until they have to obey the law like everyone else.
  • Passing legislation to override the power of the unions.
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The Campaign Issues

Politics  Regulation  Industrial Relations  Economics 

  • John Howard's policy stances are more like Margaret Thatcher than he is given credit for.
  • The important issue is to increase efficiency without which Australia is sunk. Tax cuts matter but not so much as deregulation and industrial relations reform.
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The Issues Today

Politics  Industrial Relations 

  • Labour's industrial relations policy is corporatist, Liberal's is individualist. The main issue is who will rid is to national debt.
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The Darwin Water Front

Industrial Relations 

  • Militant trade unionism is not the only reason for our declining living standards and the difficulties of balance of payments but there is no doubt that both would be improve without it.
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Airline Deregulation

Regulation  Industrial Relations 

  • The less the airlines are protected from consumer choice, the less that it will pay for employees to go on strike.
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Corporatism and the ACTU

Industrial Relations 

  • Corporatism with its concentration arbitrary power is an evil system and Italian Fascism is the best example of that.
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Replying to the ACTU

Industrial Relations  Individual Rights 

  • In Australia, a small wage restraint was bought by offering more power to the ACTU and the unions.
  • In Australia, the only basic human right not respected is the right to sell one's labour.
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The Source of Union Power

Industrial Relations 

  • The power of the unions is both political and industrial.
  • A monopoly is only as effective as the barrier that holds out competitors.
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Labour Markets

Industrial Relations 

  • Restoration of personal liberties, increased productivity, low inflation and full employment should be the goals of any labour market reform.
  • However, any reform must take into account of the consideration power of the unions.
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Robe River Iron and The Common Law

Industrial Relations 

  • The Robe River Iron Associates (RRIA) should not be demonised for using the law to recover their company property and their poor public relations should not be used as an excuse to bully them.
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Super Unions

Industrial Relations 

  • For any society to function, there must be near consensus about fundamental rules.
  • Competition with the established rules has a better record than the protectionism imposed by ministers and union officials.
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The Liberals IR Policy

Industrial Relations  Monopoly  Competition  Regulation 

  • To protect the public from monopolies, the best alternative is to allow competition. Any reduction will reduce the pain of getting our economic house in order.
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The 'right' that never existed

Industrial Relations  Individual Rights 

  • There is no inherent right to strike only to stop working. By preventing other people from taking their jobs, they are subtracting their rights.
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The Government and The Wage Round

Protectionism  Industrial Relations 

  • The government should not be entrenching the unions. They should be doing what is right for the economy.
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Of Wages and Wheat

Industrial Relations  Regulation  Politics 

  • The Liberals must establish the few important principles now. Continual deregulation is one of them.
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Whither Florence Nightingale?

Protectionism  Industrial Relations 

  • If individual nurses could be rewarded for their productivity, union protectionism would not work, and patients and taxpayers would not be bled.
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The Pilots and The Libs IR Policy

Industrial Relations  Politics 

  • The whole point of the Liberal policy was the salary of pilots should be market driven but the leader of the Liberal party missed the opportunity to educate the Australian people on the least painful way to bring the current account into balance.
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On Not Subsidising Ansett

Protectionism  Industrial Relations 

  • Since the Prime Minister cannot subsidise every everyone that has been disadvantaged by a strike, he should not subsidise the wealthy that have the ear of the government.
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Youth Employment

Industrial Relations 

  • Many government programs subsidise employers to hire apprentices. This is admitting that young, unskilled employees are overpriced due to the minimum wage.
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The Rake's Progress

Industrial Relations  Competition 

  • The rhetoric against the Australian Federation of Air Pilots is unfair. They are not the enemy, they should be left to be dealt with by market forces.
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The Annual Convention of The Industrial Relations Society of WA (Inc)

Industrial Relations 

  • The fundamental reason why the labour market deregulation has not proceeded was indicated by a trade union official belief that most of society cannot get along. Unfortunately, he did not believe that most of society would appreciate directing their own affairs.
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Healthcare, Unions, Solidarity and Conflict

Industrial Relations  Healthcare 

  • One characteristic of a protected industry is that few of the decision makers have to bear the consequence of their decisions.
  • Another characteristic is that authority is used to set prices instead of demand and supply determining prices.
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What Right to Strike?

Industrial Relations 

  • Any strike is a collusion by employees to raise the price of their labour and there is no inherent human right to do so.
  • Sanctions that clearly subtract from other people's rights should be illegal.
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Trade Policy: The Litmus Test

Industrial Relations  Trade 

  • Free trade has always been in Australia's best interests. The Liberal's trade policy has called for Australia economy to be integrated internationally by the year 2000.
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Sharabhron Ardeshiran v Robe River Iron Associates

Industrial Relations  Business 

  • The legislation enshrines anti-business prejudice even though it was intended to address prejudice.
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The Wage Case

Industrial Relations  Economics 

  • High minimum wages kill off jobs and increase foreign debt. In order for Australia to have a trade surplus, Australians must improve competitiveness sustainably. Unit costs must be lower than other countries.
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Tripartitism Examined

Politics  Industrial Relations 

  • Tripartitism is used to describe arrangements between government, trade unions and employer councils. Tripartitism uses committees as an alternative to deregulation and privatisation.
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Making Full Employment Legal

Industrial Relations  Individual Rights 

  • The Coalition promise to de-criminalising individuals selling their labour will improve our living standards and pay off our foreign debts.
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What Right to Strike?

Industrial Relations  Competition  Individual Rights 

  • A competitive labour market works only if both employers and employees are competitive. Union sanctions affect the rights of individuals.
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Australia Fritters Away Its Wealth

Regulation  Industrial Relations 

  • Deregulators have had the most success in the financial markets due to the former treasurer's championing financial deregulation and neither the banks nor the bank employees union opposing deregulation.
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A Basic Right to Work

Industrial Relations  Politics  Individual Rights 

  • Trade Unionists, Industrial Judges and Politicians are being unfair to our weakest citizens by denying them their basic human right to sell their own labour.
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Budget Headaches - Burke and Hawke

Budget  Industrial Relations  Politics 

  • The best thing that can be done for the unemployed due to the recession is to reduce the wages of those that are closest to unemployment.
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OECD Approach to Unemployment

Industrial Relations  Business  Politics 

  • Unemployment levels are kept artificially higher than which an employer can hire a potential employee.
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17% Holiday Loading

Politics  Industrial Relations 

  • Abolition of holiday loading could have been the greatest job creation scheme of it was not set aside due to misguided notions of equity.
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The Incomes Accord

Industrial Relations 

  • The Labour Party's policies have caused an inflexible labour market and have prevented workers from negotiating a job. This has caused a drop-in employment for a long time to come.
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Football

Industrial Relations  Subsidies 

  • The defence of subsidising the rich is everybody get their share and therefore the process is fare. It is both futile and unfair.
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Youth Employment

Industrial Relations  Competition 

  • By preventing youths from competing with adults through laws that deny them gain experience that will assist them in future.
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